HOW TO INSTALL COMPOSER ON LINUX

By | February 29, 2020

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Composer is a command-line package manager for the PHP programming language. Composer helps in managing dependencies and libraries that are required when developing PHP applications.

So if you’re developing a PHP app and you need some third-party libraries you can declare them in the “composer.json” file; while composer will go ahead to install the libraries and update them for you as necessary.

These packages are installed in a directory like “vendor within your project directory

Composer will manage the libraries of different PHP projects individually; because definitely different project need different packages or even none at all.

In this post, I would show you how you can install composer on Ubuntu Linux. Similar steps can be followed with other distros of Linux.

Requirements

For you to be able to run/use composer you must have PHP (version 5.3.2 and above) installed in your system.

Check here on how to install PHP on your system.

Step 1 – Update systems software repositories:

Use the command:

sudo apt-get update

Step 2 – Then go to the home directory:

cd ~

Step 3 – Download composer:

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer -o composer-setup.php

Step 4 – Verify the installer

Now verify that the installer you just downloaded is the same with the latest version using the SHA-384 hash.

 php -r "if (hash_file('sha384', 'composer-setup.php') === 'a5c698ffe4b8e849a443b120cd5ba38043260d5c4023dbf93e1558871f1f07f58274fc6f4c93bcfd858c6bd0775cd8d1') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"

If successful, you should have a “Installer verified” as output.

composer install commands
Composer installation commands.

Step 5 – Install composer:

There are two ways to install Composer. Locally as part of your project, or globally as a system wide executable. Except on very important reasons, it is advisable to install it globally on your system. And thats what we will do here (i.e. In the /usr/local/bin directory);

sudo php composer-setup.php --install-dir=/usr/loacal/bin --finame=composer

The output should look like this;

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All settings correct for using Composer

Downloading…

Composer (Version 1.8.6) successfully installed to: /usr/local/bin/composer

Use it: php /usr/local/bin/composer

You can type this command to launch composer:

composer

You should see this:

running composer
Composer output.

There you have it, composer installed in your system.

Happy Linux’NG!

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